By Kevin Conto, PT, L-ATC
Proper shoe selection can:
- Reduce your chance of injury.
- Increase your speed and agility.
- Reduce the chronic negative effects of your sport.
The key to selecting the proper shoe is getting a shoe that fits your type of foot. All the famous name brands; Nike, Reebok, New Balance, Adidas, Asics, Mizuno, Saucony, Etonics, Avia, and Fila have a variety of shoes one of which will fit your foot.
What type of foot do you have? It is one of the following:
- Pronator – foot with a very low arch or a flatfoot (pes planus)
- Supinator – foot with a very high arch
- Neutral – foot somewhere between a pronating and a supinating foot
Shoe selection for your type of foot:
- Pronator – usually requires a motion control shoe with a straight last (the bottom of the shoe will be straight), peripheral (under the insole, the shoe is stitched around the outside of the shoe) or board slip construction (under the insole, there is cardboard glued to the bottom of the shoe).
- Supinator – typically benefits from a cushioned/impact reduction shoe with a curved last (bottom of the shoe is curved), central slip construction (under the insole, the shoe is stitched down the middle).
- Neutral – does well with a semi-curved last (bottom of the shoe is slightly curved), slip construction (under the insole, the shoe is stitched dowm the middle in the front of the shoe and cardboard is glued on in the back of the shoe).
** Change your shoes every year, every 400-600 miles, or every 120-150 hours of activity. **